Scope: Shiyi District, Fuzhou Date: January 29th in lunar calendarIn traditional Fuzhou culture, the number “nine” (pronounced as “jiu” in Chinese) is pretty good. On that day, people boil glutinous rice, brown sugar, together with peanuts, long’ans, red dates, water chestnuts, sesame and other ingredients into sweet porridge, which is called “Aojiu Porridge”. People use it mainly to worship ancestors or send gifts. Sometimes along with blessing noodles, eggs and pig trotters, the porridge is also a must-carry for married daughters to show filial piety to their parents, strengthening the festive atmosphere.
Scope: most municipals of Fujian Date: January 15th in lunar calendarThe traditional lantern festival or the “festival of light” can be dated back to Han Dynasty. On the festival, especially in Fuzhou, Xiamen and Quanzhou areas, every household is decorated with diversified lanterns, frequently accompanying with splendid lantern tour. Fuzhou’s lantern boasts its abundant varieties, and is usually compared with Suzhou’s. The dragon dance lantern of Quanzhou has become the most favorable entertainment form of locals. In addition, Fujian folk song “sell sweet dumplings, sell sweet dumplings, round so round Lantern Day’s dumplings” is a lively portrait of eating sweet dumplings on the Lantern Day.
Scope: most municipals of Fujian Date: May 5th in lunar calendarOn the festival, eating rice dumplings and dragon-boat racing is prevailing. Rice dumplings delicious, boat race spectacular. The dragon boat race of Jimei, Xiamen has become a regional and international brandy competition. Teams from various countries gather to launch a fierce competition, forming a hot scene.
Scope: Fujian, Taiwan Date: July 15th in lunar calendarIt’s also called Ghost Day, namely Chinese “Halloween”, is an important folk day held in mainly Fujian and Taiwan, and many domestic cities. In Thailand, Japan, Singapore and Malaysia there’re similar holidays. It’s even more important than Tomb-sweeping Day in the southern Fujian area. People prepare meat and wine, sugar cake and fruits to worship their ancestors, remind themselves to be cautious, and pray for peace and happiness.
Scope: southern Fujian area, especially Xiamen Date: August 15th in lunar calendarEvery Mid-autumn Day, the southern Fujian residents especially Xiamen natives, would circle around to enjoy the “Bobing” game, full of joy. The folk activity has been inherited from ancient times and now become special cultural gem peculiar to Xiamen. Recent years this game has developed into a spectacular interactive party appealing thousands of people from Xiamen, Kinmen, Zhangzhou, Quanzhou and Longyan. With six dices and a bowl, people involved take turns to roll the dices. According to the amount of red dots, the results can be divided into six grades:zhuangyuan,bangyan,tanhua,jinshi,juren,xiucai; each level has corresponding prizes, really easy and funny.
Scope: Fujian, Taiwan Date: December 16th in lunar calendarIt’s a grand festival of the southern Fujian. The 2nd and 16th day of every lunar month is earth-god worship day for Fujian merchants, they call it “do teeth”. Lunar February 2nd is the first one, so it’s called “head teeth”; lunar December 16th is the last “teeth”, so it’s called “tail teeth”. Nowadays it has evolved into a recreational party for getting together and companies’ beano or annual gala. Every participant enjoys the feast in a family-like cheerful atmosphere. This day also declares the coming of lunar new year.
Scope: Putian Date: Lantern Day, March 23rd in lunar calendar (Mazu Birthday); September 9th in lunar calendar (Mazu apotheosis day)Morality, charity and love are three core spirits of Mazu culture. There’re over 200 million Mazu believers at home and abroad. Many shows are performed in the fair, including lantern opening ceremony, Puxian opera, puppet shows, martial arts acrobatics cabaret and splendid Mazu Goddess parades. Thanks to the launching of direct route from mainland to Taiwan, Mazu cultural exchange has become more convenient.